You need a touristic rental license to be able to rent you property out legally.
Below is a summery of what I understand are the most important points of the law that relates to tourist rentals in Ibiza. Some of these are changes which came into effect in August 2018.
1. The rental period for a tourist rental seems to be maximum one month per client.
2. There is a limited number of bedrooms assigned (as for the hotels). This is not specified yet in all areas.
This “stock” of touristic places is managed by the government, and consists of the already existing places plus the ones the government considers suitable.
3a. There are zones that will classified as not suitable for tourism specified by each municipality / town hall and therefore properties in these areas will not be able to apply for a license.
3b. Protected rural land is already classified as not suitable for tourism and no new licences will be granted for properties in these areas.
3c. Common rustic areas still will be suitable for tourism.
3d. Those properties that already have an existing license will not be affected either way.
3e. To apply it is necessary to obtain a letter from the town hall confirming that the property is in a suitable zone.
4. Energy certification is required, depending on the age of the property. If the property is build before 31/12/2007 this will not be required.
5. It is not possible to market properties that have had punishments for serious violations of the urban laws until these violations has been corrected.
6. Only properties with a valid “Cédula de Habitabilidad” or similar certificate is able to get a license. The capacity of the occupants of the property has to correspond to certificate. The Cédula de habitabilidad needs to be renewed every 10 years and is a small one page document that can only be obtained if the property has a “final de obra” or is totally legalised. In the past this was only obtained so water and electricity could be connected to the property – however now it is also necessary to apply for a touristic rental license.
7. The people staying in the property must be reported to the police – again like the hotels.
8. The rental property has to be minimum five years old – and in this period it must have been used privately.
9. An advertiser (rental agency) of a property without a proper rental license application or without using the tourism inscription number will be made responsible along with the owner. This can incur fines from 4.001 – 40.000 euros.
10. A property has to have one bathroom for every four beds.
Apartments now have the possibility to obtain a rental license but only if the board of owners allow this.
Furthermore in addition to the above;
1. Each license will have to be renewed every five years.
2. The rental agent has to inform the clients in writing about the house rules and ensure they are understood and respected.
3. If the rules are not respected the rental agent has to require the tenant to vacate the property within 24 hours.
4. The owner has to have sufficient insurance to cover damages that the clients may cause to the community property.
5. There has to be a service number for the community open 24 hours.
New prices for the license
Cost for a rental license is now €600 for the application + the following per bed.
1 bed: €4.300,00
2 beds: €8.643,00
5 beds: €21.934,30
Please note that the laws in Ibiza change very often and although I have done all I can to correctly interpret the law the above is in no way full legal advice, but my interpretation of the law, and it does not substitute the legal report of a lawyer.